馬來西亞

簡介

INTROdUction of
malaysia

馬來西亞
歷史 History of Malaysia

馬來西亞的歷史最早可追溯至西元初的古柔佛等古國,7世紀到14世紀屬於三佛齊,15世紀開始,先後淪為葡萄牙、荷蘭以及英國的殖民地,二戰期間被日本佔領,1957年8月31日正式獨立,實現自治。

The earliest history of Malaysia can be traced back to ancient Johor and other ancient countries in the early AD. Malaysia belonged to Srivijaya from the 7th to the 14th century. Starting from the 15th century, it became a colony of Portugal, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. During World War II, Malaysia was occupied by Japan. It officially became an independent country on August 31, 1957 and achieved autonomy.

馬來西亞經濟簡介
Brief Introduction to the
Malaysia Economy

製造業是馬來西亞最主要的經濟命脈;另外,旅遊業以及天然資源例如石油,棕油,橡膠及木材也是重要的經濟來源。

The manufacturing industry is the main economic lifeline of Malaysia. Additionally, tourism and natural resources such as oil, palm oil, rubber and timber are also important economic sources.

語言 Language

馬來西亞的國語是馬來語,不過一般廣泛使用英語;其他民族也使用各種不同的語言及方言,包括廣東話,褔建話,華語,淡米爾語及與都語。

Malaysia’s national language is Bahasa Malaysia, but English is widely used. Different ethnic groups also use various languages and dialects, including Cantonese, Hokkien, Mandarin, Tamil and Hindu.

宗教 Religion

回教是馬來西亞的國教,但人民可自由選擇所要信奉的宗教。

The official religion of Malaysia is Islam. However, Malaysians are free to worship any religion.

政府 Government

採用民主國兩院立法制;最高元首是國家的統治者,而政府的最高領導人是首相。

Malaysia practices Parliamentary Democracy with Constitutional Monarchy with His Majesty The King acting as the Paramount Ruler and the Prime Minister as the head of government.

氣候 Weather

春季皆夏的熱帶氣候,溫度介于摄氏21度至32度之間;年度降雨量約2000毫毛至2500毫毛。

It has a tropical climate of summer even in spring with its temperature between 21℃ and 32℃ and an average rainfall of 2000 to 2500mm annually.